A profile of Ghana

Ghana's geographic location is shown on this map

Since converting to a multi-party democracy in 1992, Ghana is regarded as one of West Africa's more stable nations.

Ghana, formerly the Gold Coast, became the first country in sub-Saharan Africa to renounce colonial rule in 1957 after gaining its independence from Britain.

The mainstays of Ghana's economy are gold, cocoa, and more recently oil, which have fueled a boom in the country's economy.

The nation bears the name of a vast medieval trading empire that existed until its dissolution in the 13th century and was situated northwest of the current state.

  • with capital letters. Accra.
  • Area:. 238,535 sq km.
  • Population:. 32.1% of a billion.
  • Languages:. Ga, Gonja, Nzema, Twi, English, Dagaare, Dagbanli, Dangme, Ewe, Frafra, and Fante.
  • Typical lifespan: (Men) 63 years; (Women) 65 years.

Akufo-Addo is the current president.

Ghanaian president-elect Nana Akufo-Addo

In December 2016, Nana Akufo-Addo won the presidential election by appealing to voters who were fed up with the economy's slow growth and ready for a change.

According to the nation's election agency, the learned 72-year-old human rights lawyer received 53.8% of the vote, and incumbent John Mahama conceded defeat after a fiercely contested race that was seen as a test of the country's democracy in a region rife with dictators and coups.

In December 2020, President Akufo-Addo defeated John Mahama to win reelection.

Entertainment centres on display in Ghana
To transform Ghana's manufacturing sector, the Apostle Safo Technology Research Center was established.

The private press and broadcasters are free to operate in Ghana, where there is a high level of media freedom.

Although increased access to TV is posing a threat to Ghana's most popular medium, radio,

Some significant dates in Ghana's history are:.

12th century -. The Akan people establish a number of states and grow the gold trade.

1482 . - Portuguese and later other European nations established trading posts to conduct gold trade with the various Akan states.

1500s . - Slave trade: Slavery replaces gold as the primary export in the area.

1600s . - The arrival of Dutch, English, Danish, and Swedish settlers causes the slave trade to become well-organized.

1642 . - The Portuguese abandon the Gold Coast and hand over control of their territory to the Dutch.

1807 . - British dominance: The British impose a ban on the export of slaves from the Gold Coast.

1874 . - The Gold Coast is formally recognized as a British crown colony.

1948 . - Rioting following the killing of three World War Two veterans by British colonial police during a protest march for financial reparations. In Ghana's fight for independence, it becomes a turning point.

1957 . - Independence for the state that is now known as Ghana, the first black nation in sub-Saharan Africa to renounce colonial rule, which sparked liberation movements across the continent. Prime Minister Kwame Nkrumah is appointed.

1964-1992. - Military rule: Because of a series of unsettling coups, Ghana is primarily a one-party state.

1992 . - New constitution; return of the multi-party system.

2007. - An important offshore oil discovery was announced.

2010 . - Offshore oil production begins, supplying one of Africa's economies with its most rapid expansion.

2017 . - A commission was established by Ghana and Ivory Coast to carry out an international decision regarding an oilfield-related maritime border dispute.

Toppled statue of Kwame Nkrumah
After becoming a dictator and being overthrown, Kwame Nkrumah inspired the African independence movement.

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