Israel has a large and diverse media landscape that reflects linguistic, political, and religious diversity.
TV is the most popular medium, and commercial networks are the most popular. After more than 50 years of operation, the Israel Broadcasting Authority (IBA) ceased operations in 2017, and the Israeli Public Broadcasting Corporation (IPBC) took its place. This marked a significant change for public broadcasting.
With fewer employees than the IBA and production outsourcing, the IPBC was designed to be more productive.
Keshet 12 and Reshet 13 are Israel's two national commercial networks that are available for free. Most homes have cable or satellite subscriptions. Yes, the main providers are satellite TV and the HOT cable network.
Radio is a crucial source of news. The sector includes two networks run by the Israel Defense Forces (IDF), public stations run by the IPBC, and more than a dozen commercial establishments.
Although print readership continues to decline as online media take a larger and larger share of the market, the press industry is very competitive. The two leading print dailies are Yediot Aharonot and Yisrael Hayom, a freesheet.
According to media watchdog Reporters Without Border, while Palestinian journalists face significant obstacles to practicing their trade, the Israeli media are actually free to do so.
Reporting on a range of security issues is subject to prior approval by the authorities under Israel's military censorship.
The media "are vibrant and free to criticize government policy," according to Freedom House. However, it claims that "financial difficulties in the industry" have put diversity and editorial independence in danger.
Israel has one of the most technologically literate populations in the world and a sizable IT industry.
By July 2022, there were 7.9 million internet users, or 90% of the population (Internetworldstats.com). The most popular social media site is Facebook. The most popular news website in Hebrew is called Ynet.
- Yediot Aharonot (Latest News), a popular daily with a Tel Aviv base.
- Free, widely read daily with a Tel Aviv base called Israel Hayom (Israel Today).
- Daily newspaper based in Tel Aviv called Haaretz (The Land/The Country).
- Daily newspaper in English: Jerusalem Post.
- Maariv (Evening Paper), a daily from Tel Aviv.
- Business daily Globes.
- Independent publication 972 Magazine is run by Israeli and Palestinian journalists.
- Public, in Hebrew, Kan 11.
- Public Mikan 33, in Arabic.
- National, commercial Keshet 12.
- National, commercial Reshet 13.
- Arabic-language Kan Mikan and the primary Hebrew station Kan Bet are both part of the public network Kan.
- The majority-civilian audience receives news and music on Galei Zahal, an IDF radio station that also runs the Galgalatz music and traffic news network.